Resources and references

The intent of this site is to present factual information related to the wind generation facility that is proposed in the Lake Michigan waters west of Mason and Oceana Counties. Please send error reports, suggestions, and additional questions and/or answers to

Unless otherwise noted, the answers have been generated by David Roseman ( They do not necessarily reflect the opinion of any other person or group.

Great Lakes Wind Council (GLOW)

Great Lakes Wind Collaborative

Grand Valley Wind Energy Integrated Assessment Project Team

Great Lakes Submerged Property legal information

Indian fishing rights and treaties

This subject requires formal study. The following links may be helpful.

Public trust doctrine

"Few articles have by themselves created a new legal doctrine. An example was Warren & Brandeis, The Right to Privacy, 4 Harv. L. Rev. 193 (1890). But almost the only other example that comes readily to mind is the public trust doctrine created by Joseph Sax in his celebrated article in the Michigan Law Review. If Sax is correct, much private land is held, and has always been held, subject to paramount rights of the state to see that it is used in the public interest. If Sax's critics are correct, the public trust doctrine is a large scale uncompensated confiscation of private rights. In this Symposium, we have collected some of the rich literature which the doctrine has inspired.


Connecting to the grid, buying and selling power

Overview of wind energy

Property values

Michigan State University

Marine charts

Turbine design

Environmental issues


  • Dr Nordman of Grand Valley State University argues for the health benefits of wind energy. {1} [Archived]

    Accidents and maintenance

    Public acceptance

    [From the GLOW report, page 80] "The findings suggest that public acceptance in Michigan—and even in different parts of the state—may differ substantially from that in other areas. Without additional research, it is difficult to know how specific communities and the general public in Michigan will respond to offshore wind proposals and what factors will influence public opinion, including the types and sources of information. Michigan should expect a range of positions in response to proposed developments and will benefit from a proactive and transparent process that considers all interests from the planning stages to implementation."

    Wind velocities




    GIS information

    Google Earth

    Visual perceptions

    Visual perceptions

    According to GVSU, "A wind farm located six miles offshore in Lake Michigan would be visible about 64% of the time, based on average weather conditions."

    This did not ring true. It is based on reports from The Badger ferry. They give this as a reference. The more correct reference is [1]. They say that the site was accessed on 13 July 2010. Note that in 2011, the Badger started service on May 26. Assuming a similar start date in 2010, their conclusions would have been based on 48 days of data. The Badger makes one round trip daily until June 9, then two daily. Assuming that the observations are only make when entering a port, this would be a very limited number of observations.

    To attempt to get more data, I contacted the Mason County Airport, whic is located approximately 2.5 miles east of Lake Michingan. They have an automated visibility system which obtains readings approximatedly every 20 minutes. Their data are uploaded to MDOT, which in turns uploads them to the Weather Underground. I downloaded daily summaries from January 1, 2001 to June 18, 2011. This is a total of 3814 observations.

    A Tcl/Tk program was written to generate an SQLite database. The maximum visibility that is measured is 10 miles. Queries showed that the maximum visibility was equal to or greater than 5 miles on 3809 (99.9%) of the days, and less than 5 miles on 5 (0.1%) days. The maximum was 10 on 3739 (98%) days. The mean visibility was equal to or greater than 5 miles on 3621 (95%) of the days. Even the minimum visibility was equal to or greater than 5 miles on 2440 (64%) of the days

    Google Sketchup

    Images and rendering


    Shoreline categories

    The GLOW Final Report does not include a mapping layer for shoreline uses. This seems important. The following are possibilities:

    Delaware windfarm project

    Cape Cod project

    Scandia wind southwest

    Burbo (England) Offshore Wind Project

    Beatrice Project

    Ludington pumped storage plant and grid

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory


    Mason County


    Other sites